From far you can see the majestic acropolis of Pergamon on a hill over the modern city of Bergama, around 80 km north of Izmir or 150 km north of Kusadasi. Sure, Pergamon is famous for its library, next to Alexandria the most important library in ancient world. Previously around 200.000 volumes were kept here.








Our trip will lead us through the famous sights of Pergamon like Temple of Athena, Temple of Trajan and Altar of Zeus situated on the terraces of the acropolis. From here we’ll be brought to the lower city of Pergamon, which is now inside the modern city of Bergama.




Here we’ll visit the monumental Red Basilica, approximately out of the beginning of the 2. century AD and, 270 meters long and 100 meters wide, one of the largest roman buildings you can visit in Minor Asia. First it was used as a temple and in byzantine time converted to a church.




From here our way goes to the most important Asclepeion in ancient word. Asclepeion is coming from Asclepius, the god for medicine and healing – we know until today the Rod of Asclepius as a sign for medicine, and was a healing temple in ancient Greece and Rome.




The Asclepeion of Pergamon sure became most famous because of the physician and philosopher Galen of Pergamon who founded here the basement of modern medicine.








Like everywhere in the Aegean region you will see on your trip to Pergamon many olive tree yards on your way. In fact the region is famous for its delicious olive oil. Don’t miss to check some of them during your trip. On our blog we’ll present from time to time some of the most delicious olive oil and give hints how to identify the best quality.
















Sultaniye or sultanina, the world wide most common grape, has its origin right here. Next to the peaceful hills of Manisa province and surrounded by olive yards once the fabulous kingdom of Lydia rose in the 6th century BC, known today by the name of its emperor Croesus whose legendary wealth proverbially until present time. Sardis is the name of the capital around 90 km from Izmir or 140 km from Kusadasi. Your trip through the lovely landscape will be guided by your professional, licensed guide and you’ll get comprehensive first-hand background information about the area and Sardis.









During the visit of the ancient site you’ll get to know the grandiose bath-gymnasium complex connected with the impressive synagogue out of the 2nd century AD. This largest ancient synagogue outside of Palestine witnesses the prospering Jewish history in this city.




Have a view on the marvelous mosaics here. A little bit outside we’ll visit the ruins of the Temple of Artemis, build after the liberation of Sardis by Alexander the great in 334 BC and the fourth largest Ionic temple in the world.














The Meander delta where the river Büyük Menderes (Big Meander) reaches Aegean Sea itself is a natural sight. Many species, some of them endemic, are indigenous here. An open word in this case: For many years the environment here is in danger. On our blog we will keep you regularly informed about local projects to protect nature, biodiversity and the scenic beauty.








The first stop of our tour will be Priene around 125 km from Izmir or 40 km from Kusadasi. The ancient site is located at the foot of Dilek National Park and surrounded by wood. Here Alexander the Great founded one of the most impressive Temples of Athena. A little bit down the temple still you can find a house were according to legend Alexander once stayed for a while. Furthermore in Priene early churches and an ancient synagogue can be found.








We’ll continue our trip to Milet, the birthplace of philosophy. From the 7th century BC many philosophers were born here, e.g. Thales, Anaximander, Anaximes. Also Hippodamus (5th century BC), the founder of city planning and Isidore (5th/6th century AD), one of the architects of Hagia Sofia in Istanbul, are from Milet. Today the open-air theater is quite well preserved as well as the public Faustina bath and a handful of private houses.








After some kilometers we’ll arrive in Didyma The Apollo Temple in Didyma is one of the best preserved ancient temples worldwide and in the same time the biggest temple ever built in Hellenistic period. It is constructed according to the plan of Artemis Temple in Ephesus and still in very good conditions. The Apollo Temple was built between 4th century BC and early 1st century AD and was directly connected to Milet via so called ‘holy street’ about 15 km length.




















The hot springs of Pamukkale are among the most memorable sights in Turkey. The initial response to this spectacular ancient spa in Anatolia is wonder, followed quickly by fascination. A day trip to Pamukkale will be among the highlights of any Turkish holiday. Combining a historical site with the natural wonders of the spring waters and mineral deposits, Pamukkale offers spectacle and heritage in one package. Whether you are part of a cruise or enjoying a longer tour of Turkey, Pamukkale is a must-see.